Yuichiro Kawabata, Kazuo Yamada
Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 13, 538-553, 2015
A model to evaluate quantitatively the alkalinity of pore solution based on phase composition of cement hydrates with SCMs was proposed and was compared with suppressing effect of ASR expansion. The model is devised from the per-spective of alkali sorption by C-S-H gel, and the parameters for calculation can be evaluated thanks to phase composition analysis such as XRD/Rietveld analysis and selective dissolution. The experimental results have shown that ASR ex-pansion is strongly correlated to the alkalinity of the pore solution, which can be calculated with the proposed model. Based on the results, the ASR suppressing effects of SCMs are converted to the reduction in total alkali content as available alkali content. Finally, the required replacement level of SCM with the proposed model was compared to the CSA A23.2-27A standard based on numerous experiments and field experiences in Canada. The calculated result was well consistent with the minimum replacement level of SCMs specified in CSA A23.2-27A. A subsequent interpretation of this study supports that the dominant mechanism of SCMs for ASR suppression is a reduction of alkalinity of pore solution.