Advanced Computational Methods versus Analytical and Empirical Solutions for Determining Restraint Stresses in Bottom-Restrained Walls


Dirk Schlicke and Lýdia Matiašková


Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 17, 335-349, 2019


The distribution of restraint stresses in bottom-restrained walls is an important information for the efficient crack control of wall-like concrete members. Practical examples are retaining walls, bridge abutment walls or tank walls, for which the results can be used in order to assess the risk and intensity of harmful separating cracks over the wall height. Different solutions exist for the determination of these stress distributions, ranging from advanced computational methods over analytical and semi-analytical solutions up to empirical approaches. The aim of the present contribution is twofold. On the one hand, the general applicability as well as commonalities and differences of the investigated solutions were demonstrated by using them for the analysis of a given demonstration example. On the other hand, a para-metric study was carried out in order to assess the dependence of the prediction quality of the applied solutions on changing conditions. Altogether it was found that advanced computational methods and analytical or semi-analytical solutions showed a good agreement for common design tasks. Solutions with empirical modifications, however, were proved to be less satisfying from engineering perspective due to predefined parameters or mechanically inconsistent modifications.


The thermal stress and cracking risk, which are old and new issues, are widely discussed with step-by-step procedure. The point is focused on the base confinement and useful for codification. (Prof. K. Maekawa)


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